Arthritis treatment

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Arthritis treatment

Arthritis treatment. Rheumatoid arthritis

Arthritis or joint inflammation is one of the most common group of the diseases affecting millions of people all over the world. The word Arthritis is used by health care providers to describe painful and still joints. Arthritis term include more than 100 different kind of illnesses that affect joints.
Arthritis can attack joints all over the body causing swelling, redness and pain. Some types of the arthritis are characterized by short-term pain and swelling. Most types of the diseases are chronic and last for a long period of time. 
 
Arthritis can affect not only joints, but other parts of the body such as ligaments, tendons, bones and muscles. In rare cases it may attack internal organs. As there a many arthritis types healthcare providers classified then in several main categories such as:

  • Hemorrhagic arthritis
  • Infectious arthritis (septic arthritis)
  • Inflammatory arthritis (rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Noninflammatory arthritis (osteoarthritis)

Noninflammatory arthritis include the following types:

  • Ochronosis
  • Acute rheumatic fever
  • Neuropathic arthropathy
  • Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative joint disease that affects cartilages. In severe cases almost all of the cartilage wear away. Osteoarthritis usually affects hands, neck, knee and lower back. Osteoarthritis symptoms can range from mild pain and stiffen to severe joint pain. Osteoarthritis is common for elderly patients.
 
Inflammatory category of arthritis include:

  • Lupus arthritis
  • Gout
  • Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis
  • Rheumatoid arthritis
  • Spondyloarthropathies including ankylosing spondylitis, reactive arthritides, psoriatic arthritis, enteropathic arthritis.

Rheumatoid arthritis is an autoimmune diseases meaning the immune system mistakenly attacks joints. Rheumatoid arthritis is characterized by inflammation of the joints causing swelling, pain and stiffness.  The disease of more common for women than for men. Rheumatoid arthritis can attacks any joints in the organism such as wrists, fingers, elbows, hips, feet, neck and other. Along with joint affection, rheumatoid arthritis can damage heart tissue, muscles, eyes, central nervous system, blood vessels 

Gout is one of the most painful arthritis types.  Pain occurs pain crystals of uric acid form deposits in the conjunctive tissue. These deposits cause pain, heat, swelling in the joint. Gout attacks usually happens after eating peas, dried beans, shellfish. Also being overweight or drinking much alcohol can make the disease worse.  Some of the medications can also provoke gout.
 
Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis is a diseases that affects joints for more than half a year in children or adolescents under 16 years of age. Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis affects joints causing redness, soreness, pain and can limit motion of the affected parts of the body. According to the latest statistics Juvenile rheumatoid arthritis affect more than 200,000 Americans.
Juvenile rheumatoid treatment include drug therapy, exercises and medications. In most cases children completely recover.
 
Lupus Arthritis or systemic lupus erythematosus is a diseases that affects muscle, skin, joints and in some cases internal organs. Lupus erythematosus is a common disease usually affecting women of childbearing age.
 
Ankylosing spondylitis is an arthritis disease of the spine cord. Ankylosing spondylitis may result in rigid spine or can affect other body's areas such as hips, shoulders, knee, joints, bones and tendons. In the USA nearly 350,000 are suffering from ankylosing spondylitis at current moment. This disease affect more men than women. In many cases Ankylosing spondylitis causes significant pain that can be relieved only by potent pain killers.
Reactive Arthritis
Reactive arthritis is an arthritis types that occurs as a result of response to an infection. In most cases this is gastrointestinal or urogenital infection. Reactive arthritis can cause urogenital tract inflammations, joint damage and eyes problems. Treatment is based on drug therapy.
 
Psoriatic Arthritis
Psoriatic arthritis is common for patients with psoriasis. According to the statistics nearly 8% of patients with psoriasis develop psoriatic arthritis and more than 160,000 Americans currently have this disease. Treatment of psoriatic arthritis include: drugs, lifestyle changes as well as routine monitoring and ongoing care.
 
Enteropathic Arthritis
Enteropathic arthritis is another form of arthritis (joint inflammation) that develops as a result of inflammatory bowel disease (IBS). Enteropathic Arthritis is common for people suffering from two major forms of IBS such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease. According to the statistic more than 20% of patients with these diseases can have enteropathic arthritis. The disease usually affects wrists, knees, hips, ankles and elbows. Only 5% of patients will develop joint inflammation in the spine.

Arthritis treatment

Reducing and improving joint function, pain relief are the main goals in arthritis treatment. There is no single treatment for arthritis, it depends on severity and arthritis type. But there are some common treatment approaches such as:

  • Physical exercises
  • Healthy nutrition
  • Life-style changes
  • Resting
  • Arthritis medications
  • Weight control
  • Surgery
  • Alternative therapies

Arthritis medications include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs)
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Disease-modifying antirheumatic drugs (DMARDs)